Throughout America’s history there have been many famous criminals, John Dillinger, John Gotti, Lucky Luciano, just to name a few. However, due to his extreme wealth and Godfather like status, the most notorious and famous one might have been Al Capone. He became infamous from the empire that was built on illegal activities and the countless murders. His most famous one was the Saint Valentine Day Massacre.
Alphonsus Capone born on January 17, 1899 son to Gabriel and Theresa Capone. In 1907 the family moved to an Italian district of South Brooklyn, ghetto home where the children of immigrants grew up on the streets and city gangs continued the regional and national rivalries of their mother countries (Stockdale). Life around the Brooklyn Navy Yard and its docks were often rough. At the age of ten, Al Capone had begun to exhibit toughness and hardness.
By eleven he was a member of the Forty Thieves Juniors, an off-shot branch of the adult Five Point, which is known for petty vandalism and brawlings. At the age of fourteen, he was an experienced street fighter and learned how to use a knife and a gun (Stockdale). Meanwhile he formed the Navy Street Gang, which is known to put an end to harassment of Italian women and girls (Iorizzo). At that time Capone was known to carry an irregular school education, yet he had a better-than-average school grades showed he had a quick mind. He encountered many disciplinary problems that ended his formal education (Iorizzo).
Moving forward in time to the 1920s Illinois, Al Capone and his notorious prohibition- era where crime henchmen are running riots in Chicago with bootlegging, illegal gambling, and prostitution rackets, then wiping out seven rival mobsters in the bloody 1929 Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre (Classy Joints).
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Capone was the number one target for many, there had been a number of attempts to end his life. Word on the street had it Aiello was offering $50,000 to anyone who would murder Capone. In 1927 Aiello imported killers on numerous occasions to get rid of Capone, yet his network found out and the would-be killers wound up dead. Frustrated, Aiello tried to get Capones private cook to poison his employer.
The cook refused and reported his murderous intentions. January 8, 1929 it was said that Aiello and Moran gunned down Pasqualino Lolordo yet another president of Unione Siciliana whom Capone supported. This was said to be the last straw, Capones waiting game was over. He went after Moran with a vengeance. He ordered a hit, it was to be a multiple murder, unleashed with bestial fury. Known as the Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre, it would become infamous around the world (Iorizzo).
McGurn’s gunmen assassinated seven of Moran’s men in cold blood in a North Side garage, yet Moran was not among them (A&E Television Networks). Moran saw what he believed was a detective car outside the garage and not wanting to deal with the petty police he then went to have a coffee in a diner three blocks away.
Two out of five of the passengers were dressed as uniformed officers. When the disguise men entered the garage they encountered seven men: Pete and Frank Gusenberg, Adam Heyer, Albert Kachellek, John May and Reinhardt Schwimmer, and Albert Weinshank who were ordered at gunpoint to get against the wall (Stockdale). Three hit man stepped forward with both submachine and shotguns which sprayed a withering fire back and forth along the line of men, causing several to literally be shot to pieces, within thirty seconds the seven lay dead on the floor (Marie).The Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre became a national media event immortalizing Capone as the most ruthless, feared, smartest and elegant of gangland bosses.
Later on Al Capone was formally charged with income tax evasion. The original jury was replaced when it was reported that he had offered the authority money. He was then convicted to eleven years of imprisonment. During this long period in prison he lost all his power within American organized crime. Released on Parole November 19, 1939 Capone suffered from paresis of the brain, he retired to his mansion in Palm Island, Florida, where he died on January 25, 1947 (Marie).
In conclusion, Capone did many things in his life to be known as one of America’s most feared, greatest-known gangsters and the utmost symbol of the fail of law and order in the United States throughout the 1920s Prohibition era. He earned this title in infamous ways.